Arthur Miller was an American playwright, essayist, and a controversial figure in the twentieth-century American theater. His public life was painted in part by his rocky marriage to Hollywood sex symbol Marilyn Monroe.
He received the most acclaim for his award-winning The Crucible which reflected his unwavering refusal to cooperate with the House Un-American Activities Committee. He refused to comply with the committee’s demands to “out” people who had been active in certain political activities and was thus cited in contempt of Congress. The contempt ruling was overturned two years later.